PORTUGAL - Energy & Mining
Minister, Ministry for the Environment and Energy Transition
Joío Pedro Soeiro de Matos Fernandes was born in Águeda, in 1967.He graduated in Civil Engineering from the Faculty of Engineering of the University of Porto in 1991 (option of Territorial Planning) and completed his Masters in Transportation at Instituto Superior Técnico, Lisbon, in 1995. From 1990 to 1995 he worked for the Coordination Commission of the Northern Region (Territorial Planning) and was the coordinator of the transport sector.He was Deputy Secretary of State for Natural Resources from 1995 to 1997 and Chief of Staff of the Assistant Secretary of State for the Environment Minister from 1997 to 1999. He was Administrator of Quarternaire Portugal, Consultoria para o Desenvolvimento, SA between 1999 and 2005. He was a Member of the Board of Directors of Douro and Leixíµes Ports between April 2005 and May 2008 and Chairman of the Board of Directors of Douro and Leixíµes Ports Administration between April 2008 and May 2012. He was the Chairman of the Board of Directors of the Port of Viana do Castelo since its inception (January 2009) until May 2012. He was President of the Association of Portuguese Ports, between April 2008 and April 2010. He was a lecturer at the Instituto Superior Técnico (Infraestruturas) and the Instituto Superior de Transportes (Energy and Environmental Impacts of Transport). He taught as a guest in master’s degrees at the Universities of Porto, Technique of Lisbon and Naples. He has numerous public and guest professions in the area of Transport, Infrastructures and Territory. Between June 2012 and December 2013 he was an advisor to the Board of Directors of the companies Terminais do Norte and Portos do Norte (Grupo Manica), assuming management functions of the Port of Nacala, in Mozambique. He was Chairman of the Board of Directors of Águas do Porto from January 2014 to November 2015. He was Minister of the Environment in the XXI Constitutional Government, since November of 2015.
We started our mandate based on three integrated policy areas which are fundamental in order to guarantee prosperity in the long run: decarbonizing our economy, valuing the territory and its habitats and striving for a more circular use of our resources. As of now, all these strategies are being deployed on the field: the National Program for Territory Ordinance (PNPOT), the National Plan for Circular Economy (PAEC) and the National Roadmap for Carbon Neutral Portugal 2050 (RNC2050). And to make it happen we have our Environmental Fund, which has been crucial to finance the integration of these principles among municipalities, companies, and citizens.
One of the things that we have seen during this mandate is a raising awareness by companies that change is coming, sooner than they expected. Now, some have chosen to bury their heads in the sand and simply continue to go for incremental solutions, or insisting that there are regulatory barriers that hinder their competitiveness. I am not saying that they are wrong, but the fact is climate change or resource scarcity will not end by law-decree. If you have a business, you must prepare. I am glad to see more and more industries in Portugal that are placing decarbonization and circular economy front and center in their business models. Look at textiles, for example, or the metalwork’s sector, or ceramics. They are investing in R&D and thinking about new business models that reduce costs and guarantee materials for their future. All the while striving to emit less and preserve local jobs. For me, that is sustainability. And, at last but not least, high-tech startups are redirecting their solutions towards fulfilling the Sustainable Development Goals. One clear example was the great success of the Govtech competition, by the Ministry of Administrative Modernization.
Portugal has a trifecta of highly valued assets: sea, sun, and wind. And I would risk a forth, which is skill. When we think of green energy sector, we tend to focus on the big projects — windmill, solar, water — and, it’s a fact that we have an extremely high-value industry both in hardware (e.g. metalworks) and software (e.g. electronic systems). It’s not by chance that we attract companies like Siemens, which may come to benefit of experienced PT companies like A. Silva Matos and others. However, the green energy sector is also made of smaller projects. Of bio-economy, for example, in which we have an enormous potential for development, both on the “blue” side (sea, river) but also on the “green” side (forest, agriculture), combining the cascading of value extraction from natural biomass with energy production. And in that context we certainly have a solid and growing pool of companies and competences, from north to south of the country: CIIMAR, in Leixíµes, BLC3, in Oliveira do Hospital, Católica School, in Porto, and companies like SilicoLife and A4F.
In 2019 we will continue moving forward with our main orientations, mainly in decarbonizing the public transport sector. The most evident effort will certainly be in continuing the expansion of the subway lines of Oporto and Lisbon. But there is another area, in particular, that we want to focus on, and that is financing. To have the right mix of public and private financial support is crucial in guaranteeing a safe and just low carbon and circular transition of our economy; and there is a lot to tackle. It is impossible to expect that public funding alone can support this. On the other hand, we have a financial system which is still very much focused on short term and linear forms of value. That, in general, runs away from innovation and environment-based solutions and deems it “risky.” But we know how placing your chips in “linear, solid” investments holds up in the long run — and banks are beginning to realize that the risk of ending up with stranded assets is, in fact, far greater. The Commission is working on a taxonomy for sustainable finance; the European Investment Bank is pulling all stops to support projects on circular and bioeconomy; the next Cohesion Fund will demand an allocation between 65% to 85% of support to smart, sustainable (low-carbon and circular) projects. We have 12 years to come to a full stop on the climate breakdown of our natural system, and this means we have 12 minutes to act. I am confident on Portugal’s resilience and ingenious drive to tackle these challenges.
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