MEXICO - Green Economy
CEO, EDF Renewables
Gerardo Pérez Guerra has over 25 years of experience in the energy sector. He is the former CEO of Acciona Windpower. He previously worked for Siemens Mexico for 13 years.
In 2001, EDF partnered with a company that was already located in Mexico. Later, EDF acquired that company and began to develop some projects in Oaxaca, which are currently in operation. In 2007, we started our first 67.5MW wind project, our second in the country by that time. In 2010, we began developing two 160MW projects, which, by 2011 and 2012, were put into operation. Our consumers are important companies from different fields. One of them is ArcelorMittal, the largest consumer of energy in Mexico. Other customers include Wal-Mart, Grupo Modelo, Herdez, and Continental.
The reform launched a process of transformation of the CFE, the public power distribution company, which is no longer a monopoly. Users will no longer depend on energy supplied exclusively by the state. This allows competition and promotes investment. The CFE split into 10 different companies, each one focusing either on generation, distribution, renewables, and so on. The diversification of dependencies promotes autonomy and cooperation among the public companies it has diversified into. There is now more competitiveness, strategies, and manufacturers, which helps develop the industry as a whole.
It is considerably insufficient. The tender for the construction of a power distribution line in the Tehuantepec Isthmus arises from the need to provide energy to many areas. It is impossible to build a wind park in Oaxaca today due to a lack of transmission infrastructure. The current tender for the construction of a 600-km direct line of transmission will improve the situation. The capacity of this line will roughly be 5GW. We still do not participate in the construction of transmission lines, though we are interested and have spoken to some of our Asian partners who are interested. Our mother company, EDF, participates in transmission, though this is not the focus in Mexico
Yes, as long as the project is profitable and sustainable, the financial sector backs us. Some funds are looking for short-term returns, but we cannot offer that because of the nature of our projects. Banks are eager to invest in long-term projects like ours because they see it as a safe investment.
The goal of 2024 is ambitious but achievable. On one hand, the infrastructure has to be created. On the other, there are risks associated with the construction of projects in specific areas related to social movements, environmental specificities or security in the case of “red” regions because of conflicts that may hinder or slow down the development of projects and investments.
The strategy until 2024 is clear: we want to have around 2GW by 2022. To date, we have 800MW, so we have to generate 1,200MW in the next three or four years. In the third auction, we hope to obtain 200 MW, but in the following, our bid is stronger and is for 400 or 500MW. The electoral issues complicate next year, though we hope that the upcoming auction will be advanced by January. This could mean that it will be possible to bid and announce winners before 2019. In the future, prices will get more aggressive because of decreased capacity and high participation in the market.
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