QATAR - Finance
Governor, Qatar Central Bank
Sheikh Abdulla Bin Saoud Al-Thani was appointed Governor of the Qatar Central Bank in May 2006, having started his career in the bank in 1981. He was Deputy Governor from 1990 to 2001 and subsequently left to serve as Chairman of the State Audit Bureau from 2001-2006, before assuming his current position. He was appointed as Chairman of the Board of Directors of the QFC Regulatory Authority in March 2012 and, subsequently, as Chairman of the Qatar Financial Markets Authority later in the year. He is presently the Chairman of the Islamic Financial Services Board (IFSB) as well as the International Islamic Liquidity Management Corporation (IILM). He also serves as the Chairman of the Board of Directors of Qatar Development Bank besides being a member of the Board of Directors of Qatar Investment Authority.
As the overall economy continues to expand, Qatar’s insurance sector is likely to register strong growth over the coming years. You would appreciate that besides being a high-income country, there are a number of reasons for the low insurance penetration rates in Qatar, including the State’s comprehensive social security system that provides for pensions and other support services through the General Retirement and Social Insurance Authority. Another factor contributing to the low penetration in the non-life sector is that compulsory insurance in most segments is not mandated by law. This is all set to change soon, however, with the recent announcement of the broadening of the compulsory insurance pool of the health sector. Moreover, the QCB would frame a comprehensive set of insurance regulations that are in line with international best practices. Efforts are underway to develop an effective and harmonized authorization and supervision framework for insurance firms. In this regard, we lay greater emphasis on governance, prudential standards, group supervision, and macro prudential surveillance. All these factors contribute toward the healthy growth of the insurance sector in Qatar.
We aim to develop a coordinated approach among the three regulatory authorities to ensure that financial services firms are transparent with their customers. Such firms should understand the needs of their customers and put in place adequate systems that avoid disputes. In this regard, the dispute resolution mechanism has to be timely and conclusive. Furthermore, consumers have to be safeguarded from unauthorized and unlicensed illegal financial service providers through stricter law enforcement. In view of this, the regulatory perimeter for financial services operating in Qatar needs to be drawn, outlining those services that can only be provided by financial institutions licensed in Qatar. Moreover, we need to frame regulations for financial institutions relating to consumer protection. To maintain client confidentiality, it is necessary to strengthen existing rules protecting customer information and specify the circumstances when confidential information held by financial institutions could be disclosed.
The new QCB law lays greater emphasis on the macro prudential framework in Qatar, and it is from this perspective that the law has established the FSRCC. The FSRCC will minimize the regulatory overlap and plug the gaps through coordinated action from the three regulators. The FSRCC is chaired by the Governor of the QCB and includes the Deputy Governor and the CEOs of the QFMA and the QFC Regulatory Authority. The FSRCC is responsible for: identifying and assessing risks to the financial sector and markets and recommending solutions to manage and mitigate such risks; coordinating the work of the financial regulatory authorities in the state; and proposing policies related to the regulation, control, and supervision of financial services, businesses, and markets. For its regular functioning, the FSRCC would draw resources from the three regulatory agencies. The decisions of the FSRCC will be implemented by each regulator within their own regulatory ambit and jurisdiction.
The National Development Strategy introduced by the government constitutes the main pillar of our development approach in realizing the goals of the Qatar National Vision 2030. The core of this strategy involves the development of a diversified and more resilient economy, in which the financial sector will play a predominant role. As a part of this initiative, we have already made significant progress in developing the financial markets and related infrastructure. Illustratively, major initiatives have already been taken to develop a deep and liquid debt market through regular issuance of treasury bills and government-dated securities. This would lead to the development of a risk-free yield curve that would facilitate the pricing of new financial market instruments. Moreover, the three regulatory agencies are working together to harmonize and strengthen regulatory oversight of Qatar’s payment and settlement systems infrastructure, in line with international standards and practices. In this regard, the objective is to gradually integrate QFC firms, which are hitherto outside the domestic payments and settlement system, into the national mainstream. Furthermore, in view of the new QCB law, we are also strengthening our legal and regulatory framework in order to safeguard consumer protection.
Qatar’s financial sector outlook remains buoyant given the strong macroeconomic fundamentals of the country and continued government support of the financial sector. The country enjoys a strong credit rating and has a very favorable tax regime. The confidence of the international community in the economy is reflected by the fact that recent issuances of sovereign bonds were over-subscribed by a wide margin. These factors have resulted in the country enjoying a high level of international investor confidence. We are focusing on the financial sector playing a bigger role in developing a more diversified economy over the medium term. Being a predominantly bank-based financial system, this has entailed strengthening the banking sector through various measures. Accordingly, policies are being attuned to international best practices, while meeting the requirements of the financial sector. Moreover, we have adopted a coordinated strategy whereby the three regulatory agencies, for example, the QCB, the QFMA, and the QFCRA, would harmonize regulatory and supervisory standards in Qatar across different jurisdictions. As the apex body and the supreme competent authority for the entire financial sector, the challenge for the QCB is how best to achieve this transition in a non-disruptive manner, while taking cognizance of the views of all stakeholders.
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