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Tim Jeanné

INDONESIA - Transport

Broad spectrum of water management solutions

Director Water Asia Pacific & Resident Director Singapore and Indonesia, Royal Haskoning DHV

Bio

Tim Jeanné is Director Water Asia Pacific of Royal HaskoningDHV and serves as the Resident Director of Singapore andResident Director of Indonesia. He joined Royal HaskoningDHV in 1994 and has 23 years of experience in project management in Asia, mostly on industrial buildings, urban development and water. In his Director Water Asia Pacific role, he oversees the solutions for coastal development and flood protection, land reclamation, water supply, wastewater treatment and sanitation projects in the Asia Pacific region. He holds degrees in civil and architectural engineering and project management from the Technical University in the Netherlands and started his career as a Architectural Engineer at Phillips.

"Drainage canals and some of the rivers will discharge into Jakarta Bay and it should be ensured that this water is not polluted."

What is your assessment of the key infrastructural challenges in the country?

The major challenge of the country is that there is massive economic growth paired with unprepared infrastructure. It is not just roads and railways, but also ports and airports, electricity infrastructure, power, energy, water supply, and waste water treatment. You can build a port but without a hinterland connection or transport means to the rest of the country, you cannot go anywhere. The major challenge will be to really develop the infrastructure holistically in the whole country, which then can be a catalyst for growth.

You are involved in the National Capital Integrated Coastal Development project (NCICD), or the Giant Sea Wall, a project to address the challenges that Jakarta faces in its water management. How the project has advanced, and what is your involvement?

We are part of this MoU, and are supporting the Indonesian government through Dutch funding, to map out this masterplan for the national coastal defense. The city is sinking at a pace of about 10 centimeters per year so large parts of the city are already well below sea level. We are already working on the ‘no-regret’ measures to ensure the safety for the coming 10-15 years, which includes a close-to-shore defense wall that is currently under construction. For the next 100-150 years, there needs to be a more sustainable solution to prevent flooding in Jakarta. It is not just the whole system of armoring the city against a rising sea level but also making sure that there is sufficient retention capacity in the city during the rain season. The city is now very densely built with hardly any space left for drainage canals and storage basins. At the same time, measures should be taken to implement proper sanitation and wastewater treatment, not only in Jakarta itself but also in the areas upstream of the rivers. Drainage canals and some of the rivers will discharge into Jakarta Bay and it should be ensured that this water is not polluted. We see that the current administration understands this holistic approach and is supporting various initiatives.

What are the major causes of the sinking of the city, and how could it be addressed at the source?

The ground water extraction has been a major cause of land subsidence causing this 10cm plus sinking of the city. Another reason is the rapid urbanization and construction activities that have increased the pressure on the soil. The possibilities are limited for further ground water extraction, so fresh water needs to be taken from more upstream rivers. At the same time, creating this giant sea wall will also create a street water retention basin close to the city. That means that clean water from rivers or rain can be collected in this basin to be used as a source for drinking water. Currently, rainwater pours down in large amounts and is then flushed to sea, because there is no storage capacity, which is a major waste. Storing rainwater and using it for purification is an appropriate solution, and is already done on a large scale in Singapore, where the ambition is to save every drop of rain and catch in retention basins.

You are also involved in the Kuala Tanjung port expansion. What is your expertise in this type of project?

We are the global market leader in maritime port and infrastructure development. Our fully integrated, multidisciplinary approach means we can deliver all the expertise a project requires, from creating new port facilities, relocating terminals, refurbishing facilities or optimizing the operations of existing terminals. We are involved in several stages; we consult the port authorities on how to economically operate a port and also how to improve operations. Sometimes it is possible to increase efficiency and the capacity of a port without physically extending it, rather by looking at the way it is operated. On the other side, we do work on the development plans to physically expand the port. We provide this combination of high-end consultancy on the client’s side looking at the assets and how to optimize them and, while also bringing our engineering practice on how to construct a port, which we have done for decades around the world. We also advise the government on the strategy behind their maritime vision and port expansion plans. When you build a port, it is important to know why and what investors you will attract. One should not take away port capacity from a port 100km away, because that does not create any additional value for the country as a whole. The focus should be on making Indonesia more attractive compared to other countries in the region to attract more cargo and industrial producers to the country as well as creating economic zones and hinterland connections.

How do you find the talent pool in the engineering field here?

Our aim is to further build up our local capacity. Our expatriates provide expert support on projects and train local staff to become equally proficient and to prepare them for assignments abroad as well. In that sense, we are really a global company and want to be able to employ our staff anywhere in the world. Driving innovations and providing digital solutions become increasingly important in all of our business. Advanced 3D design and modeling is something we are already working on and we aim to move to solely 3D design in 2018. We also started using drones for our site supervision. We are working with young engineers, so letting them work with the most advanced systems and tools—creating an interesting modern environment—is also a way to attract and retain staff.

What (digital) innovations are you developing to cater to specific local demand?

For example, we have developed a flood-forecasting app, which we have now pitched to the local government in Jakarta. This tool will be beneficial for everyone in the streets and it gives close-to-real time information on upcoming flooding. We are also exploring the use of this application for companies like GO-JEK to monitor increased delivery demands in flood prone areas. Another project is studying how we can enhance the livability of Jakarta as a city. We have a very advanced wastewater treatment technology called Nereda®, a natural sewage treatment process that purifies water without chemicals by using a patented aerobic granular sludge technology, which only uses 25 or 30% of the land that you need normally for a wastewater treatment plant. It uses up to 50% less energy, and the quality of the effluent is by far the best of any treatment system, making it a very attractive solution for the densely populated city of Jakarta. This project was developed together with TU Delft in the Netherlands and has been rolled out in South Africa, South America, the Netherlands, and other European countries. We are now bringing this technology to the Asia Pacific region, and Jakarta will be one of the cities we are earmarking for implementation within the coming years. It is this continuous innovation that drives our company. There is so much development going on in Indonesia and it goes at such a fast face that you have to apply your best and most innovative solutions to help the country cope with its challenges. Another advanced solution is a project to manage the water supply in Indonesia. There is still a lot of non-revenue water, as the systems are not managed efficiently, leakages occur and systems are often too highly pressurized. We developed a software tool called Aquasuite®, which supports operators in water treatment plants to manage the pressure regime in the distribution systems. Reducing the pressure also means reducing the number of leakages in the system. By installing this control software, they can optimize the yield of the treatment plants without any major physical investments.

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